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Australia-AGRICULTURE

Agriculture

Australia is traditionally a wool, a meat and a wheat exporter. But the part of farm products in the GDP reduced in a 3.3 % while it accounts for 30 % of exports. Australia is the fourth exporter of wheat in the world, but also the leading exporter of sugar cane in the world and supplies with raw sugar to new refineries in Taiwan, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia.

Farmland surface area:

The areas under cultivation include arable lands and those with permanent crops. They represent 472,000,000 hectares in Australia.

Number of farms:

129,540

Crops

Crop
Yield (in Metric Tons)
Surface (in hectares)

Yield Hg/ Ha*

Wheat  
22,210,000  
11,500,000  
19,313  
Barley  
5,600,000  
2,844,000  
19,691  
Rice Paddy  
1,400,000  
145,000  
96,552  
Potatoes  
1,372,000  
43,000  
319,070  
Oat  
1,421,000  
819,000  
17,350  

* hectograms/hectares

Livestock

Species
Headcount
Ovine races  
116,900,000  
Cattle  
25,555,000  
Pigs  
2,364,000  
Horses  
220,000  
Poultry ( 1000 )  
85,000  

Number of tractors:

315,000

Irrigated land (surface area):

2,400,000 hectares.

 

Fishing



Yield in metric tons

Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods
Saltwater fish
77,095 Tm.
123,587 Tm.

Aquacultural yield in metric tons:

219,499 Tm.

 

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