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Australia-GENERAL INFORMATION


Population



Main Cities Population
Sydney   3,700,000  
Melbourne   3,189,000  
Brisbane   1,500,000  
Perth   1,239,000  
Adelaide   1,075,000  
Canberra   328,000  



Total population (millions): 20.1
Source: World Bank 2004

Urban population: 92%
Source: World Bank 2004

Average annual population growth: 1.2%
Source: World Bank 2004

Surface area (km²) : 7,741,220


Population origin

Origin of the population% Of the population
Native European 94.8
Asian4
Aboriginal2
Other 0.2




Local time


It is %T:%M %A in Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra
It is %T:%M %A in Perth


GMT+10 in winter, GMT+11 in summer in Melbourne and Sydney, GMT+8 in Perth


Languages


Official language: English
Spoken languages: English, Aboriginal dialects, and numerous other languages resulting from immigration such as Italian, Greek, Cantonese, Lebanese, Vietnamese, Turkish...
Business language: English (British).

Free translation tools in Australia :


Religion


Religious practises : Anglicans 26.1%
Catholics 26%
Others 47.9%.


Political system


Australia is a Federation of States* within the British Commonwealth and it is a parliamentary monarchy system. The Queen of England is the Head of State, and she is represented by the Governor General. The Federal Parliament is a Parliament composed of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The members of the two chambers are elected every three years.
The Australian Labour Party (ALP) is the former ruling party. The ruling parties are the Liberal Party (LP) and the National Party (NP), both conservative oriented.
Capital City: Canberra
General Governor: Sir Peter Hollingworth, since June 2001
Prime Minister: John Howard, since March 11, 1996.


Climate


 


Tourism


Number of visitors in Australia 2002 2003 2004 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) 4420   4354   ..   n.a.
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005

 

Tourist sites


-The Southeast region is well-known for its forests, its coasts and its extinct volcanos.
-The city of Adelaide is also appreciated for its modernism.
-The Kangaroo island should be visited for its fauna and flora.

For more information about tourism in Australia , check out the following web site(s) :
Australian Tourist Commission


Food


Traditional dishes


Australian Cheesecake
Australian Dinkum Chili: Australian Chili with bacon, beef and pork flavoured with cumin, garlic, hot pepper and onions.
Chicken with basil sauce.
Curried Mussels with Mushrooms.
Kangaroo Escalopes with Spinach and Anchovy Butter.
Octopus Salad
Anzac Biscuits: cookies
Strawberry Meringue Pudding.

Food-related taboos


Culinary taboos vary with religions.

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