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China-AGRICULTURE

Agriculture

Agriculture represented 70% of the employment at the beginning of Deng Xiaoping's reforms in 1978. In twenty years, the rate dropped to reach 50%. The return to family concern, conveyance, liberalization of productions and prices favored productivity earnings of a 4% a year.
Today, the agricultural workforce is still in surplus and estimated at about 100 million individuals.

Farmland surface area:

the areas under cultivation include arable lands and those with permanent crops. They represent 135,565,000 hectares in China.

Crops

Crop
Yield (in Metric Tons)
Surface (in hectares)

Yield Hg/ Ha*

Rice Paddy  
190,111,157  
30,503,100  
62,325  
Corn  
105,273,612  
22,542,600  
46,7  
Sweet potatoes  
121,023,100  
6,210,003  
194,884  
Wheat  
99,370,088  
26,648,018  
37,29  
Potatoes  
62,039,163  
3,801,970  
163,176  

* hectograms/hectares

Livestock

Species
Headcount
Pigs  
437,551,210  
Goats  
148,400,503  
Ovine races  
131,095,415  
Cattle  
104,582,029  
Poultry  
3,203,244,000  

Number of tractors:

704,07

Irrigated land (surface area):

49,880,000 hectares.

 

Fishing



Yield in metric tons

Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods
Saltwater fish
11,923,202 Tm.
10,774,593 Tm.

Aquacultural yield in metric tons:

33,166,640 Tm.

 

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