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Main Cities Population
Jakarta   9,160,500  
Bandoeng   3,000,000  
Surabaya   2,701,300  
Medan   1,909,700  
Semarang   1,366,500  
Palembang   1,352,300  

Total population (millions): 217.6
Source: World Bank 2004

Urban population: 47%
Source: World Bank 2004

Average annual population growth: 1.3%
Source: World Bank 2004

Surface area (km²) : 1,904,570

Population origin

Origin of the population% Of the population
Javanese 45.2 %
Sudanese 13.8 %
Malay 7.6 %
Other 33.4 %

Local time

It is %T:%M %A in Jakarta



Official language: Bahasa
There are 583 dialects, and English is well spoken by the urban population.
Business language: English.

Free translation tools in Indonesia :
Free English-Hungarian-Indonesian dictionary


Religious practises : Muslims 87%
Protestants 6%
Catholics 3%
Hindus 2%
Others 2%

Political system

Military republic. The supreme Authority of the State is the Consultative People's Assembly (MPR), which gathers 1,000 members within two assemblies: the People's Assembly of Representatives (DPR) and another 500 members assembly, directly appointed by the government amongt the political parties and the armed forces. The MPR elects the president of the Republic every 5 years. President: Mme Megawati Soekarnaputri (2001) PDIP.




Number of visitors in Indonesia 2002 2003 2004 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) 5033   4467   5321   n.a.
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005


Tourist sites

Jakarta: the city counts 9 million inhabitants and extends over more than 25 km. Jakarta is the main economic heart of the country and a center for business. Formerly, it used to be a real miserable and ruined hell, but today the city wishes to stand as a modern and rapidly growing Asiatic major city. However, it still attracts thousand of miserable people and, once the centre is left, shanty towns can be seen. Listed as the most expensive and the most polluted town of Indonesia, Jakarta is sometimes compared with a " big durian ", this exotic fruit with a nauseous, unbearable smell to some people, but irresistible to others.

To be seen: the old Batavia (Kota), the most ancient and invaluable testimony of the Dutch presence in Indonesia, with the paved place, Taman Fatahillah, and the bridge of the chickens Market, dating from the XVII-th century; Sunda Kelapa's old port and its Makassar's magnificent schooners; Glodok, the district given to the Chinese in 1741; the national Museum, one of the most exceptional museums of Southeast Asia; Lapangan Banteng Square and the magnificent colonial architecture; the Wayang Museum. Street peddelers and night markets enable to eat at lower prices.

Jogjakarta: Daerah Istimewa (Jogjakarta's " special territory " ) constitutes the cultural centre of Java. The most active cultural, artistic and intellectual centre of the island, Jogjakarta (or " Jogja ", pronounce Djodja) counts 500,000 inhabitants who hang on proudly to their past and culture: the city is still under the custody of a sultan, whose fenced palace (kraton), where 25,000 persons live, constitutes the bastion of traditions and the proud of the palacial Javanese architecture with its magnificent halls, the vast courtyards and the pavilions.

Sumatra: four times bigger than Java, Sumatra is rich in natural resources, fauna, architectural treasures and traditional cultures.

Bali: tropical paradise of idyllic beaches, paddy-fields and luxuriant forests, in a 95% Hindu, the island has been turning into a purely tourist consumption place. However, it still shelters some unknown and put off places, and its culture is incredibly rich. In order to explore it, take the mountain roads. From Ubud, Bali's cultural heart, and you will be able to cross villages in its vicinity and discover their rich traditions in terms of dance, music and craft, their spectacular temples perched upon the sea and their magnificent coloured celebrations.

Nusa Tenggara (small islands of the Sonde): In Lombok, you will enjoy magnificent beaches and an impressive volcano, Gunung Rinjani, some beautiful local artcraft and a picturesque atmosphere, probably more relaxed than in Bali. Sumba will offer you a magnificent mixture of traditional culture and huge white sand beaches, still virgin.

For more information about tourism in Indonesia , check out the following web site(s) :
Indonesian Tourism Board


Traditional dishes

You will discover specialties such as those of the Toraja country, in Sulawesi, where porc and buffalo is roasted in bamboo pipes, generously poured over with tuak (alcohol of palm). In Kalimantan, you will enjoy the biggest river shrimps ever seen. However, generally speaking, the warung (cheap restaurants) or pasar malam (night shops) will serve you the usual food: Ayam goreng (chicken with fried rice), bakmi (rice noodles), babur ayam (usually sweet mushy, made of chicken, sticky black rice or mung beans), gado-gado (steamed soya shoots, accompanied with vegetables and a hot peanut sauce), krupuk (preparation based on shrimps and manioc flour, sliced and fried), nasi goreng (fried rice with vegetables or meat), satay (spicy kebab made of several sorts of meat and served with a peanut sauce), tropical fruits to profusion.

Food-related taboos

Culinary taboos vary with the practised religion.

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