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The Dutch farming sector does not only take into account vegetable productions, breeding and forestery, but also the proccessing of the modification of farm products into farm-produce foodstuffs, the trade which supplies upstream the farmer with seeds, fertilizers, cattle food and capital goods (premises for breeding, greenhouse).
Besides production, the sector develops different activities in the field of leisure activities (campsites etc.) and preservation of the countryside (zones with contract of management, maintenance of quickset hedges, etc.).
The Netherlands are known as important agricultural exporters in the world due to the know-how of their farmers (helped with research network, development and training), the superior and constant quality of the products, the efficiency of the marketing system and the inner market of the EU.
Nevertheless, sometimes the ways of production affect the quality of the soil, the water and the air. In response to such problems caused by new techniques, the surplus of fertilizer and of the massive use of pesticides, more appropriate methods and better techniques are introduced.
In The Netherlands, more durable agricultural forms of production tend to be reached, as the organic agriculture and ornamental horticulture.

Farmland surface area:

The agricultural surface covers about 800,000 hectares in The Netherlands.

Number of farms:



Yield (in Metric Tons)
Surface (in hectares)

Yield Hg/ Ha*


* hectograms/hectares



Number of tractors:


Irrigated land (surface area):

565,000 hectares.



Yield in metric tons

Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods
Saltwater fish
119 270.
424 708.

Aquacultural yield in metric tons:

462,885 Tm.


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